A decade has passed since the Arab Spring uprising that has spread throughout the world Middle east And hit Syria. The protests devastated southern Syria and eventually advanced to the capital, Damascus – the home of the country’s leader, Bashar al-Assad.
The protests called for Assad’s resignation, but unlike what happened in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, where rulers were removed from power, Assad and his regime did not back down. The Syrian army quickly trained its lethal force on peaceful protesters, eliciting condemnation from international leaders and human rights groups.
Today, ten years of civil war The country is in ruins. According to the United Nations, more than 400,000 people have been killed. It is estimated that more than a million people have been infected. Half of the country’s population before the war was evicted from their homes, with UN Estimate That more than 5 million became refugees outside the country’s borders and 6 million were internally displaced.
“It is clear that we are witnessing one of the biggest humanitarian disasters,” Toby Cadman, a London-based human rights lawyer, told Fox News.
Cadman, the founding partner of the human rights law firm Guernica 37, said the tragedy “transformed from a pro-democracy revolution against the authoritarian Assad regime” to “a large-scale armed war, in which Syrian artillery bombed the city, the rebel stronghold. Homs and elsewhere.”
The international law specialist simply said that the world is watching “a country waging war on itself.”
In 2012, reports surfaced of Assad using chemical weapons against his own people. Reports have been verified by the United Nations and other organizations. Cadman said, “Although he did not admit it, he claimed that he would dispose of his illegal arsenal. He did not.”
Later, “along the border between Turkey and Syria,” said Cadman, the situation worsened “when the extremist Islamic State group moved into conflict … and took control of cities like Kobani and many others.”
According to the human rights lawyer, “What started as a peaceful protest descended into this conflict for which there is no accountability.”
The clash inside Syria’s borders turned into a proxy war with Iran and Russia, which support the Assad regime. Regionally, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar have supported the rebels.
The United States plunged into the conflict and got out of it. The Obama administration supported the rebels by attacking the Islamic State. The Trump administration launched a missile attack In 2017, in response to another regime chemical attack. Only one month in position, The Biden administration launched a missile attack As well as against installations in eastern Syria, the Pentagon said that Iranian-backed factions are using them.
Now, Assad finds himself still in power, having regained control of much of his country. But Syria is in chaos. The healthcare system is on the verge of collapse, and the economy is on the verge of losing much of its value for the currency. About 80% of Syrians now live in poverty while 60% are at risk of hunger.
Ironically, Bashar al-Assad is expected to be re-elected soon in the so-called democratic elections. The Assad family has ruled Syria since 1971 when Hafez al-Assad and his Ba’athist party took control of the country. After his death in June 2000, he was succeeded by his son Bashar.
Despite the country being ravaged, Assad has shown no sign of willingness to concede or partner with the United Nations or other international bodies to rehabilitate his shattered country.
“There is no future for any peace and prosperity in Syria as long as the Assad regime remains in power,” Cadman said.
To this end, Cadman and his legal firm called for human rights The names of the British Leo wife The UK authorities accuse her of inciting and encouraging the commission of war crimes, through letters sympathetic to her husband’s policies.
Cadman questions the Syrian government’s cooperation. It is likely to be an additional effort by the international community that has so far failed to return the beautiful country to civilization while the international community – mostly Syrians – pays the price.