Archaeologists in Norway find a rare burial of Vikings using only radar

Archaeologists in Norway find a rare burial of Vikings using only radar

The researchers were able to discover the results without needing to dig into any ground, and instead used ground-penetrating radar (GPR) to see below the surface.

A key is among the findings of the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research – published Tuesday in the journal Antiquity It is a Viking ship burial site located on Hill Gill in Gilestad, southeast Norway. Boats symbolized the safe passage to the afterlife and was a habit Granted to the elite Vikings community.

GPR data showed the Iron Age ship measured about 19 meters (62 feet) Long, with the ship buried between 0.3 meters and 1.4 meters (0.9 to 4.6 feet) below the earth’s surface.

“When we do these kinds of surveys, it’s usually just gray and black and white dots – but this dataset is pretty amazing,” said lead author of the study Lars Gustavsen, a researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage. Research.

He told CNN: “We knew that there was something special, but we had no idea that there would be a burial on a ship, and this is very unique.”

After initial tests have been carried out, efforts are now underway to excavate the ship completely.

Gustavsen said the mound was previously excavated in the nineteenth century, when much of the ship’s wood remains Because people weren’t aware of what they were up to, which means there isn’t much left for researchers to analyze today.

“It is a unique opportunity, it is a shame that there is so little left,” he said. “What we have to do is use modern technology and use it very carefully. By doing that, we hope that we can pick up something from that ship, and be able to say something about the type of ship that was.”

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Researchers found several underground burial mounds; Including the ship, they discovered 13 mounds in total – some of them over 30 meters (98 feet) wide.

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Several buildings have been discovered using radar data, providing insight into the lives of those who came before. Researchers have identified what they believe to be a farmhouse, worship home, and ballroom.

According to Gustavsen, the land, dating back to the 5th century AD, was converted into a “high-ranking cemetery and settlement” during the Viking Age.

Gustavsen hopes to secure more funding to learn more about the surroundings. “By conducting a larger survey, we can get a more complete picture of Gilstad, and we can describe or explain why it appeared and why it ultimately failed or ended up using it.”

The Late Northern Iron Age, which lasted from 550 to 1050, witnessed several major historical events, including the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the rise of the Viking Age. Researchers hope the site will reveal new facts about this tumultuous period.

The discoveries came after surveys were carried out in 2017 to determine whether the proposed building plans would harm any underground artifacts.

Jell Mound, the results site, is located in Gjellestad, in the southeastern Norwegian region of Østfold. The hill is widely known as one of the largest funerary mounds of the Iron Age in Scandinavia.

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