NASA’s Curiosity rover used two cameras to take this selfie in front of “Mont Mercou,” a rock formation that is 20 feet high.
This July 9, 2013 perspective of the Valles Marineris Hemisphere of Mars is actually a mosaic of 102 Viking Orbiter images. The focus is on the Valles Marineris canyon system, which is over 2,000 kilometers long and up to 8 kilometers deep.
This 2016 Curiosity Mars rover self-portrait shows the vehicle at the Quela drilling site in the Murray Buttes area of lower Mount Sharp.
This photo of a preserved river channel on Mars was taken from an orbiting satellite with color overlaid to show different heights. Blue is low and yellow is high.
The European Space Agency’s Mars Express mission captured this picture of Korolev Crater from 2018, which is more than 80 km wide, filled with water ice and located near the North Pole.
The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter used its HiRISE camera to get this view of an area of unusual texture in the southern floor of Gale Crater.
Cooled lava helped preserve the footprint of the dunes that once moved across a southeastern region on Mars. But it also looks like the “Star Trek” symbol.
Although Mars is not geologically active like Earth, surface features have been heavily shaped by wind. Wind-carved features like these, called yardangs, are common on the red planet. The wind creates waves and small dunes in the sand. In the thin Martian atmosphere, the light is not strongly scattered, so the shadows of the yardangs are sharp and dark.
These small, hematite-rich concretions are located near Fram Crater, which was visited by NASA’s Opportunity Rover in April 2004. The area shown is 1.2 inches in diameter. The view comes from the microscopic imager on Opportunity’s robotic arm, with color information added from the rover’s panoramic camera. These minerals suggest that Mars had a watery past.
This image shows seasonal currents in Valles Marineris on Mars called the Repetitive Slope Lines (RSL). These Mars landslides occur on slopes in spring and summer.
Mars is known to surround dust storms that surround the planet. These images from NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor orbiter in 2001 show a dramatic change in the planet’s appearance as the haze caused by dust storm activity in the south spread globally.
This composite image overlooking the higher regions of Mount Sharp was captured by the NASA Curiosity rover in September 2015. In the foreground is a long comb full of hematite. Immediately behind it is an undulating plain that is rich in clay minerals. And just behind it there are a variety of rounded buttes, all of which are rich in sulfate minerals. The changing mineralogy in these layers suggests a changing environment in early Mars, even though they were all exposed to water billions of years ago.
The InSight seismometer recorded a “Mars quake” for the first time in April 2019.
From his seat high on a ridge, Opportunity captured the picture of a Martian dust devil from 2016, winding its way through the valley below. The view looks back at the tracks of the rover that lead up the northern slope of Knudsen Ridge, which is part of the southern edge of the Marathon Valley.
HiRISE has captured layered debris and a bright ice cap at the North Pole of Mars.
Nili Patera is a region on Mars where dunes and waves move quickly. HiRISE aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter continues to monitor this area every few months to determine changes across seasonal and annual timescales.
NASA’s Curiosity Rover captured its high-resolution panorama of the surface of Mars at the end of 2019. This includes more than 1,000 images and 1.8 billion pixels.
This image, which combines data from two instruments aboard NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor, shows an orbital view of the North Pole region of Mars. The ice-rich polar cap is 621 miles in diameter and the dark bands are deep troughs. To the right of the center a large canyon, Chasma Boreale, almost bisects the ice cap. Chasma Boreale is roughly the length of the United States’ famous Grand Canyon and up to 2 km deep.
A dramatic, fresh impact crater dominates this image, which was captured by the HiRISE camera in November 2013. The crater extends over a length of about 30 meters and is surrounded by a large, radiating explosion zone. Since the terrain where the crater formed is dusty, the fresh crater appears blue in the enhanced color of the image as the reddish dust in this area is removed.
This dark mound called Ireson Hill is in the Murray Formation on lower Mount Sharp near a location where NASA’s Curiosity rover was surveying a linear sand dune in February 2017.
Is that cookies and cream on Mars? No, it’s just polar dunes that are dusted with ice and sand.
The cloud in the center of this image is actually a dust tower that was created in 2010 and captured by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The blue and white clouds are water vapor.
HiRISE took this picture of a kilometer-sized crater in the southern hemisphere of Mars in June 2014. The crater shows frost on all south-facing slopes in late winter as Mars goes into spring.
The two largest quakes detected by NASA’s InSight appear to have originated in a region of Mars called Cerberus Fossae. So far, scientists have discovered signs of tectonic activity here, including landslides. This image was taken with the HiRISE camera on NASA’s Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter.
This image is the first ever photo taken from the surface of Mars. It was captured by the Viking 1 lander on July 20, 1976, shortly after it landed on the planet.