The first case of the Marburg virus, the most serious disease causing hemorrhagic fever, has been recorded in Guinea, the first case in West Africa, the WHO said on Monday.
“The Marburg virus, which belongs to the same family as the virus that causes the Ebola virus, was diagnosed within two months of Guinea announcing the end of the Ebola epidemic that broke out earlier this year.“, The regional office of the World Health Organization said in a statement.
Sent to a group site
The case was discovered in the southern province of Kukato. Samples taken from a patient who died on Monday and tested for hemorrhagic fever by the Field Laboratory and Guinea National Laboratory in Kukato were positive for the Marburg virus. The WHO said further analysis by the Pastoral Institute in Senegal confirmed the decision.
The patient was treated at a clinic in County, Kukato, where a medical investigation team was sent to examine the severity of his symptoms. The first team of ten WHO experts, including epidemiologists and socio-anthropologists, is already on the field and provides support to national health officials working to conduct a thorough investigation as soon as possible and to intensify interventions in the field. Risk assessment first disease monitoring, community mobilization and screening, provision of medical care, infection control and logistics support.
In a tweet, WHO Director-General Tetros Adonom Gabrias noted the need to implement “A concerted effort to prevent the spread and protect communities“In addition, cross-border surveillance has been stepped up to quickly detect possible cases. Neighboring countries are on high alert.
Transfer by bats
According to the WHO, Marburg virus is transmitted from fruit bats to humans and can be transmitted to humans through direct contact with the body fluids of infected individuals. The disease begins abruptly, with high fever, severe headache and possible malaise. The case death rate in previous outbreaks ranged from 24% to 88%, depending on virus exposure and case management, the organization said.
Although there are no approved vaccines or antiviral therapies to treat the virus, treatment of oral or intravenous rehydration and specific symptoms can improve survival rates.
Set up a quick response
“We salute the awareness and prompt investigation of Guinean health workers. To prevent the rapid spread of the Marburg virus, we must now stop itWHO Regional Director for Africa Dr. Matshidiso Moidi said.
“We are working with local health officials to implement a quick response based on Guinea’s experience and expertise in managing the Ebola virus epidemic.She added.
The province of Cucuta is the site of the latest Ebola outbreak and the first case of the virus to be reported in West Africa between 2014 and 2016.
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