The UAE says its Chinese Sinopharm vaccine is 86% effective against Covid-19

The UAE says its Chinese Sinopharm vaccine is 86% effective against Covid-19

The Ministry of Health said that the results of the vaccine were based on a tentative analysis of delayed clinical trials that the UAE began in July, according to the statement carried by the state news agency.

Although few details have been provided, the statement represents the first publicly released information regarding the performance of the Chinese vaccine, developed by China National Biotec Group (CNBG), a unit of Sinopharm. United Arab Emirates Certified emergency use For front line workers in September.

“The analysis does not reveal serious safety concerns,” the statement said, although it did not clarify whether the individual participants had experienced any specific side effects, or the number of volunteers who received the vaccine or placebo.

The statement added that the “official registration” of the Covid-19 vaccine is “a big step towards fighting the global epidemic.” The statement did not clarify what would result from the official registration.

The statement said that the clinical trials included 31,000 volunteers from 125 nationalities in the UAE. So far, about 100,000 people across the Emirates have received the vaccine as part of a volunteer program, Jamal Al Kaabi, a prominent UAE health official, told CNN.

Vice President and Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Filmed Receive a jab during trials in November.

CNN contacted Sinopharm for more details.

China She currently has five coronavirus candidates Of the four companies it reached stage 3 clinical trials, which is the last and most important step in testing before obtaining regulatory approval.
After largely eliminating the spread of the Coronavirus within their borders, Chinese pharmaceutical companies had to search abroad for places Test the effectiveness of their vaccines. Together, they launched a third phase of trials in at least 16 countries.

In return, many host countries promise early access to successful vaccines – and in some cases, the technical know-how to manufacture them locally.

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The Emirati company in partnership with its Sinopharm He previously said It hopes to produce between 75 and 100 million doses next year.

In November, Sinopharm Chairman Liu Jingzhen said that dozens of countries have requested the company’s vaccines. He did not name the countries or say how much doses they suggested, but he said CNBG is capable of producing more than 1 billion doses in 2021.

“China not only has the political will (for vaccine diplomacy), but it also has a strong capacity to do so,” Huang said.

Compared to Pfizer and Moderna, most Chinese vaccines do not require freezing temperatures for storage, which makes transportation and distribution much easier, especially in developing countries that lack cold storage capabilities.

Pfizer vaccine Approved for use in the United Kingdom, Which started vaccinating people this week, while the Moderna vaccine is still in the final stage of trials in several countries.

The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines use pieces of a genetic material called messenger RNA (mRNA) to stimulate the body to make artificial pieces of the coronavirus and stimulate the immune response – a new technology not used in current vaccines.

But mRNA is subject to lysis at room temperature. Moderna vaccine should be stored at -20 ° C (-4 ° F), or in fridge temperatures for up to 30 days, while Pfizer vaccine should be stored in an extremely cold temperature of -75 ° C (-103) F ), And is used within five days once cooled at higher temperatures.

Meanwhile, Sinopharm uses a long-term approach that has proven effective in other vaccines, such as polio and influenza vaccines. Their Coronavirus vaccines use an inactivated whole virus to induce the body to develop its immunity, and it only needs to be stored at standard refrigerator temperatures of 2 to 8 degrees Celsius (36 degrees Fahrenheit to 46 degrees Fahrenheit). Other Chinese vaccines can be kept in production at similar temperatures.

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CNN’s Beijing office and Nectar Gan in Hong Kong contributed to the report.

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